Alice again enters a fantastical world, this time by climbing through a mirror into the world that she can see beyond it. There she finds that, just like a reflection, everything is reversed, including logic e. Through the Looking-Glass includes such verses as " Jabberwocky " and " The Walrus and the Carpenter ", and the episode involving Tweedledum and Tweedledee. The mirror which inspired Carroll remains displayed in Charlton Kings , Gloucestershire.
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Alice again enters a fantastical world, this time by climbing through a mirror into the world that she can see beyond it. There she finds that, just like a reflection, everything is reversed, including logic e. Through the Looking-Glass includes such verses as " Jabberwocky " and " The Walrus and the Carpenter ", and the episode involving Tweedledum and Tweedledee.
The mirror which inspired Carroll remains displayed in Charlton Kings , Gloucestershire. It was the first of the "Alice" stories to gain widespread popularity, and prompted a newfound appreciation for its prequel when it was published. Chapter One — Looking-Glass House : Alice is playing with a white kitten whom she calls "Snowdrop" and a black kitten whom she calls "Kitty" when she ponders what the world is like on the other side of a mirror's reflection.
Climbing up onto the fireplace mantel , she pokes at the wall-hung mirror behind the fireplace and discovers, to her surprise, that she is able to step through it to an alternative world. In this reflected version of her own house, she finds a book with looking-glass poetry, " Jabberwocky ", whose reversed printing she can read only by holding it up to the mirror. She also observes that the chess pieces have come to life, though they remain small enough for her to pick up.
Chapter Two — The Garden of Live Flowers : Upon leaving the house where it had been a cold, snowy night , she enters a sunny spring garden where the flowers can speak; they perceive Alice as being a "flower that can move about". Elsewhere in the garden, Alice meets the Red Queen , who is now human-sized, and who impresses Alice with her ability to run at breathtaking speeds.
Alice is placed in the second rank as one of the White Queen's pawns , and begins her journey across the chessboard by boarding a train that jumps over the third row and directly into the fourth rank, thus acting on the rule that pawns can advance two spaces on their first move.
She arrives in a forest where a depressed gnat teaches her about the looking glass insects, strange creatures part bug part object e. Alice continues her journey and along the way, crosses the "wood where things have no names". There she forgets all nouns, including her own name. With the help of a fawn who has also forgotten his identity, she makes it to the other side, where they both remember everything.
Realizing that he is a fawn, she is a human, and that fawns are afraid of humans, it runs off to Alice's frustration. Chapter Four — Tweedledum and Tweedledee : She then meets the fat twin brothers Tweedledum and Tweedledee , whom she knows from the nursery rhyme. After reciting the long poem " The Walrus and the Carpenter ", they draw Alice's attention to the Red King —loudly snoring away under a nearby tree—and maliciously provoke her with idle philosophical banter that she exists only as an imaginary figure in the Red King's dreams.
Finally, the brothers begin suiting up for battle, only to be frightened away by an enormous crow, as the nursery rhyme about them predicts. Chapter Five — Wool and Water : Alice next meets the White Queen , who is very absent-minded but boasts of and demonstrates her ability to remember future events before they have happened. Alice and the White Queen advance into the chessboard's fifth rank by crossing over a brook together, but at the very moment of the crossing, the Queen transforms into a talking Sheep in a small shop.
Alice soon finds herself struggling to handle the oars of a small rowboat, where the Sheep annoys her with seemingly nonsensical shouting about " crabs " and " feathers ". Chapter Six — Humpty Dumpty : After crossing yet another brook into the sixth rank, Alice immediately encounters Humpty Dumpty , who, besides celebrating his unbirthday , provides his own translation of the strange terms in "Jabberwocky".
In the process, he introduces Alice to the concept of portmanteau words, before his inevitable fall. Chapter Seven — The Lion and the Unicorn : "All the king's horses and all the king's men" come to Humpty Dumpty's assistance, and are accompanied by the White King , along with the Lion and the Unicorn , who again proceed to act out a nursery rhyme by fighting with each other.
In this chapter, the March Hare and Hatter of the first book make a brief re-appearance in the guise of " Anglo-Saxon messengers" called "Haigha" and "Hatta". Chapter Eight — "It's my own Invention" : Upon leaving the Lion and Unicorn to their fight, Alice reaches the seventh rank by crossing another brook into the forested territory of the Red Knight, who is intent on capturing the "white pawn"—Alice—until the White Knight comes to her rescue.
Escorting her through the forest towards the final brook-crossing, the Knight recites a long poem of his own composition called Haddocks' Eyes , and repeatedly falls off his horse. Chapter Nine — Queen Alice : Bidding farewell to the White Knight, Alice steps across the last brook, and is automatically crowned a queen, with the crown materialising abruptly on her head a reference to pawn promotion.
She soon finds herself in the company of both the White and Red Queens, who relentlessly confound Alice by using word play to thwart her attempts at logical discussion.
They then invite one another to a party that will be hosted by the newly crowned Alice—of which Alice herself had no prior knowledge. Chapter Ten — Shaking : Alice arrives and seats herself at her own party, which quickly turns into chaos. Alice finally grabs the Red Queen, believing her to be responsible for all the day's nonsense, and begins shaking her. Chapter Eleven — Waking : Alice awakes in her armchair to find herself holding the black kitten, who she deduces to have been the Red Queen all along, with the white kitten having been the White Queen.
Chapter Twelve — Which dreamed it? The book ends with the line "Life, what is it but a dream? One of the key motifs of Through the Looking-Glass is that of mirrors, including the use of opposites, time running backwards, and so on, not to mention the title of the book itself. In fact, the themes and settings of the book make it somewhat of a mirror image to its predecessor, Alice's Adventures in Wonderland The first book begins in the warm outdoors, on the 4th of May; [a] uses frequent changes in size as a plot device ; and draws on the imagery of playing cards.
The second book, however, opens indoors on a snowy, wintry night exactly six months later, on the 4th of November the day before Guy Fawkes Night ; [b] uses frequent changes in time and spatial directions as a plot device; and draws on the imagery of chess. Whereas the first book has the deck of playing cards as a theme, Through the Looking-Glass is based on a game of chess, played on a giant chessboard with fields for squares.
Most of the main characters are represented by a chess piece, with Alice being a pawn. The looking-glass world is divided into sections by brooks or streams, with the crossing of each brook usually signifying a change in the scene, and corresponding to Alice advancing by one square. The sequence of moves white and red is not always followed. The White Queen offers to hire Alice as her lady's maid and to pay her "twopence a week, and jam every other day.
The rule is, jam tomorrow and jam yesterday—but never jam to-day. Therefore, " jam " is never available today. Lewis Carroll decided to suppress a scene involving what was described as "a wasp in a wig" possibly a play on the commonplace expression "bee in the bonnet". A biography of Carroll, written by Carroll's nephew, Stuart Dodgson Collingwood, suggests that one of the reasons for this suppression was a suggestion from his illustrator, John Tenniel ,  who wrote in a letter to Carroll dated 1 June .
I am bound to say that the 'wasp' chapter doesn't interest me in the least, and I can't see my way to a picture. If you want to shorten the book, I can't help thinking — with all submission — that there is your opportunity. For many years, no one had any idea what this missing section was or whether it had survived.
In , a document purporting to be the galley proofs of the missing section was auctioned at Sotheby's ; the catalogue description, in part, read, "the proofs were bought at the sale of the author's…personal effects…Oxford, The rediscovered section describes Alice's encounter with a wasp wearing a yellow wig, and includes a full previously unpublished poem.
If included in the book, it would have followed, or been included at the end of, Chapter 8 — the chapter featuring the encounter with the White Knight. The discovery is generally accepted as genuine, but the proofs have yet to receive any physical examination to establish age and authenticity. The book has been adapted several times, both in combination with Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and as a stand-alone feature.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Through the Looking Glass disambiguation. Book by Lewis Carroll. Main article: List of minor characters in Through the Looking Glass. To the Looking-Glass world it was Alice that said Tune for To the Looking-Glass world it was Alice that said Novels portal Children's literature portal United Kingdom portal. In Chapter 5, she affirms that her age is "seven and a half exactly.
Oxford Companion to English Literature 5th Ed. Houghton Mifflin. Retrieved via National Library of Canada. Enigmas and Riddles in Literature. New York: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 15 June Philadelphia: Henry Altemus Company. Retrieved 29 January The Annotated Alice. University of Maryland Libraries. New York: Clarkson N. Retrieved 17 January Alice Through the Looking Glass [sound recording]. Written by Lewis Carroll London: Argo. Alice Through the Looking Glass , with music by M.
Charlap , lyrics by E. TV special. Track listing. Alice Through the Looking Glass. UK: BBC. Television special. Alice in the Land in the Other Side of the Mirror. RU: Kievnauchfilm. Retrieved from Animator. AU: Burbank Films Australia. UK: Projector Productions and Channel 4. Alice Through a Looking Glass [live production], written by H. Naylor, music by P. Factory Theatre : Tobacco Factory Theatres. Through the Looking Glass [opera], composed by A. Malthouse Theatre : Victorian Opera.
Alice in Wonderland.
Alice in Mirrorland
Alice continues to preside, an often sinister muse, over modern fictional wonderlands, from the anonymous s teen-drugs-and-sex shocker "Go Ask Alice" to A. Homes' recent attempt to represent the inner life of a pedophile, "The End of Alice. This strange, if politically dutiful, attempt to liberate Alice from the bonds of gender paradoxically suggests the basis of her continuing appeal: Like the Victorians, 20th century readers thrill to the spectacle of imperiled little-girlhood, the essence of vulnerability. If there has ever been a time and a place more voyeuristically fascinated than Victorian England by the doomed innocence represented by little girls, it would have to be the contemporary U.
(A. G.) Alice in Mirrorland
It is based on the characters created by Lewis Carroll and is the sequel to the film Alice in Wonderland , a live-action reimagining of Disney's animated film of the same name. In the film, Alice comes across a magical looking glass that takes her back to Wonderland , where she finds that the Mad Hatter is acting madder than usual and wants to discover the truth about his family. Alice then travels through time with the "Chronosphere" , comes across friends and enemies at different points of their lives, and embarks on a race to save the Hatter before time runs out. Alice Through the Looking Glass received generally negative reviews from critics, with praise for its performances and visual effects, but criticism for its lack of originality, story and characters. The film is dedicated to Rickman, which was released four months after his death on January 14, Alice Kingsleigh has spent the past three years following her father's footsteps and sailing the high seas.