The now stolen framed plate on predella held a text signed by Stjepan Pucz, the Provost of Zagreb and Bishop of Belgrade, with the chronogram and date of the consecration of the altar on July 11th , therefore the time when the altar was fully completed Ins. The altar is situated in the chapel on the first floor of the manor, meant for the private devotion of the household members. The altar's composition is derived from an aedicule type, but the columns are here replaced with massive, ornamentally carved volutes, on which two large crying angels sit holding the Instruments of the Passion Arma Christi , a spear and a sponge on reed. The attic zone is entirely built of rocaille volutes and scrolls, which frame a centrally positioned sculpture of St John the Baptist. The TrArS project is dedicated to the study and presentation of artworks created by members of the Straub family in 18th century Germany, Austria, Slovenia and Croatia.
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It belongs to the romantic castle Neuschwanstein is for Bavaria Germany. It is a symbol of the Central European tradition in architecture and landscape architecture of the Romanticism in Croatia and the most famous manor in Croatia. It has been used nineteenth century. This is why the research presented in this paper will offer as a museum for over half a century, and the manor itself and its landscaped lands insight into parks from the Romantic period in Europe, especially in south- have been protected as a cultural and natural heritage monument since Hrvatsko Zagorje is famous for its numerous castles and manors situated within a picturesque hilly landscape, full of remnants of the past that date back to prehistoric times.
One thing is certain — it already existed in the second half of the century; most, however, fell into disrepair. Of the or so Renaissance villas thirteenth century. It was built as a medieval feudal fort and was part of a system along the Adriatic coast, only 80 or so have survived; only about 10 of them are in of forts that watched over the important thoroughfares in north-western good condition and are still used.
There are still around manors in northern Croatia. It was situated on a hillock and was constructed to ward off cold steel Croatia — half of them are in poor condition; a third are abandoned and no longer weaponry.
Although the park and a landscape forest park. The manor escaped damage during the Second World War and most of its furniture, paintings and other inventory were still intact after the war. The transformation of the manor into a museum was possible because, unlike most other Croatian manors, the interior of the manor had not sustained major damage.
The systematic renovation of the figure 1. Before them there were a number of owners — in the fifteenth although it still remained a fortified castle. In the seventeenth century, a low, semicircular Gyulay Family. In the eighteenth richest noble families in Croatia. They belonged to a line of Croatian nobility century, outhouses were built at the base of the manor.
In the first half of the dating back to feudal times. They also owned many other manors and estates in nineteenth century, the manor was in good condition, but the adjoining defence north-west Croatia, in Steiermark, Lower Austria, Slovakia, Hungary and system towers, bastions, walls was derelict. The manor prominent figures. The year is noted in black Indian ink and is an integral part of the plan; Up until there was no manor park, only the odd tree growing on the slopes the year is part of the signature appended by the authors and is written in around the manor.
This allowed for a better command of the approach. A ink. The park — 10 between and It is not known precisely when work on plan coincides with the cadastre record see figure 2 , but also with the layout as it the park started. The cadastre records from figure 2 show the envisioned exists today. Two dates are noted on the plan, which was done in Indian ink and and bushes. Some facilities have disappeared due to negligence and lack of mainte- planted woods in the surrounding area.
Despite in the spirit of Romanticism. Czerny; figure 5. Illustration key includes: woods forest , meadow, alley, nursery, existing paths, disused paths paths no longer in existence , road, lake, watercourse stream , view entrance, park highlights, 1 castle-manor, 2 chapel, 3 outhouses secondary scenes that were first put on paper and then realized.
Romanticism from the nineteenth century figure 7. Seen from the angle of the promenade around the lake, the manor is a central motif and the core of numerous vistas and panoramic views figure 8. The manor also offers a view to a variety of sights — the surrounding hills, the lake, the chapel and the park figure 9.
Old graphic depictions of the vistas, as well as the layout today, include a variety of plants, shrubs and trees — differing in the shapes of their crowns and heads, and the texture of their surfaces, which was typical of romantic landscape compositions. Apart from its initial aesthetic and ambience function, the lake was also used as a fish nursery.
Its appearance, park and woodlands make it into a metaphor of Romanticism and an example of the romantic conception of Central European summer residential architecture from the mid-nineteenth century, a period that celebrated the past and life in tune with nature. Major architectonic work in the style of figure 8. There are a number of interpretations for the name and included the term stein — stone. In the Croatian here in the eighteenth century.
In records from the end of the language names frequently stem from the word kamen picturesque landscape — a mosaic of hills, valleys, nineteenth century the name is mentioned as stem- — stone for example, Kamengrad.
Hrvatsko Zagorje is world famous for being the site and castles, manors, churches and chapels along its some believe that the name contains two stem forms: of the Neanderthal find at Krapina from the hilltops. Palaeolithic era. There are also numerous archaeolo- 3.
Franz Risy or Risig both transcriptions of the sur- Very little is known about him. The park-woods, partly native sessile oak trees fir Abies concolor , false cypress Chamaecyparis lawsoni- 2—3, , pp. Hrvatskog zagorja [Parks and Manors of the Croatian are also unique in their composition as they create a Tisak grafika: Druck v.
Maksimir Park in Zagreb is the largest and most Wien. This public park has recog- University Press, , pp. Japanese pyramidal yew Taxus baccata var. Renovation work on — Related Papers. By Mladen Obad-Scitaroci. Manor houses in 19th Century in Croatia and Hungary.
Public Parks in Croatia in the 19th century within a European Context. By Mladen Obad-Scitaroci and bojana bojanic. Download pdf. Remember me on this computer. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. Need an account? Click here to sign up.
Dodatak:Popis hrvatskih dvoraca i utvrda
Mladen Obad Šćitaroci, F.C.A., Architect, urban planner, landscape architect
The palace, of which the first building phase dates from the 16th and 17th centuries, was owned by the noble Ratkaj family until the end of the 18th century , during which time the owners undertook several important reconstructions and enlargements of the complex and through which the current spatial organisation took shape. Inside the two-winged, two-storey palace, the lower, two-winged ground-floor buildings enclose the inner courtyard. The oldest part of the palace is the rear wing, constructed in the 16th century as a fortified grange. Renaissance features are still extant, manifested in the shape of the courtyard passage, which opens up on both floors with arcades; a similar model was repeated for the side-wing extension in the 17th century. The addition of annexes for the sanitary facilities improves the architectural projection, articulated with dynamic stucco decorations. The last important architectural development was the addition of a ground-floor wing at the front. Opened up with a grand, central portal surmounted by a small turret, in a formal sense it marked the achievement of the Baroque aspiration for emphasising the central axis and the formation of deep spatial effects.
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