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Arjun Appadurai born is an Indian-American anthropologist recognized as a major theorist in globalization studies. In his anthropological work, he discusses the importance of the modernity of nation states and globalization.
Appadurai held many scholarships and grants, and has received numerous academic honors, including the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences California and the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, as well as individual research fellowship from the Open Society Institute New York.
In , he was awarded an honorary doctorate Erasmus University in the Netherlands. He graduated from St. He then received his B.
He was formerly a professor at the University of Chicago where he received his M. D in Anthropology. After working there, he spent a brief time at Yale. Appadurai taught for many years at the University of Pennsylvania, in the departments of Anthropology and South Asia Studies. During his years at Penn, in , he hosted a conference through the Penn Ethnohistory program; this conference led to the publication of the volume called The Social Life of Things: Commodities in Cultural Perspective Later he joined the faculty at the New School University.
Some of his most important works include Worship and Conflict under Colonial Rule , Disjuncture and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy , of which an expanded version is found in Modernity at Large , and Fear of Small Numbers In The Social Life of Things , Appadurai argued that commodities do not only have economic value; they have political value and social lives as well.
His doctoral work was based on the car festival held in the Parthasarathi temple in Triplicane , Madras. Arjun Appadurai is member of the Advisory Board of the Forum d' Avignon , international meetings of culture, the economy and the media. In his best known work 'Disjuncture and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy' Appadurai lays out his meta theory of disjuncture.
Appadurai articulated a view of cultural activity known as the social imaginary , which is composed of the five dimensions of global cultural flows.
The image, the imagined, the imaginary — these are all terms that direct us to something critical and new in global cultural processes: the imagination as a social practice. No longer mere fantasy opium for the masses whose real work is somewhere else , no longer simple escape from a world defined principally by more concrete purposes and structures , no longer elite pastime thus not relevant to the lives of ordinary people , and no longer mere contemplation irrelevant for new forms of desire and subjectivity , the imagination has become an organized field of social practices, a form of work in the sense of both labor and culturally organized practice , and a form of negotiation between sites of agency individuals and globally defined fields of possibility.
This unleashing of the imagination links the play of pastiche in some settings to the terror and coercion of states and their competitors. The imagination is now central to all forms of agency, is itself a social fact, and is the key component of the new global order. Appadurai credits Benedict Anderson with developing notions of imagined communities. Some key figures who have worked on the imaginary are Cornelius Castoriadis , Charles Taylor , Jacques Lacan who especially worked on the symbolic , in contrast with imaginary and the real , and Dilip Gaonkar.
However, Appadurai's ethnography of urban social movements in the city of Mumbai has proved to be contentious with several scholars like the Canadian anthropologist, Judith Whitehead arguing that SPARC an organization which Appadurai espouses as an instance of progressive social activism in housing being complicit in the World Bank's agenda for re-developing Mumbai.
The University of Chicago Press. Cambridge University Press. Environment and Urbanization , Vol. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Mills and F. Korom, Eds. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
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Arjun Appadurai born is an Indian-American anthropologist recognized as a major theorist in globalization studies. In his anthropological work, he discusses the importance of the modernity of nation states and globalization. Appadurai held many scholarships and grants, and has received numerous academic honors, including the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences California and the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, as well as individual research fellowship from the Open Society Institute New York. In , he was awarded an honorary doctorate Erasmus University in the Netherlands. He graduated from St. He then received his B. He was formerly a professor at the University of Chicago where he received his M.
La Modernidad Desbordada