Leptadenia pyrotechnica Forssk. Email this to a friend Print Share on facebook Tweet this. Showing 0 of 0 comments. Leptadenia pyrotechnica obtained from West African Plants.

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Leptadenia pyrotechnica Forssk. Email this to a friend Print Share on facebook Tweet this. Showing 0 of 0 comments. Leptadenia pyrotechnica obtained from West African Plants. Leptadenia pyrotechnica obtained from Sahara-Nature. Leptadenia pyrotechnica Leptadenia pyrotechnica. Leptadenia pyrotechnica Leptadenia pyrotechnica, Leptadenia pyrotechnica Nom : Leptadenia pyrotechnica Leptadenia pyrotechnica Leptadenia pyrotechnica, Qatar x - 15k - jpg www.

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Leptadenia pyrotechnica Leptadenia pyrotechnica Forssk. Leptadenia pyrotechnica Caralluma acutangula, Burkina Faso x - 21k en. Comments 0. Leptadenia pyrotechnica occurs in the northern Sahel region from Mauritania east to Djibouti and Somalia.

It also occurs throughout northern Africa and from the Arabian Peninsula east to western India. In the Sahel a seed maceration is used as eye lotion and eye bath. The plant sap is rubbed on the skin to treat smallpox and dermatitis. An infusion of the aerial parts is taken as a diuretic to treat kidney disorders, kidney stones and cough. In the Hoggar region the twigs are macerated and the liquid drunk to treat urinary retention.

In Sudan a root decoction is taken to treat constipation and colic. The smoke of the burnt stems is inhaled to treat rheumatism. In Yemen crushed stems are applied to wounds to stop bleeding.

In Pakistan a stem decoction is taken as an antihistaminic and an expectorant. The roots are used for the same purposes, and are further used to treat stomach complaints, to prevent spontaneous abortion, to treat sterility and as a diuretic to treat venereal diseases. Smoke of burnt plant is inhaled to treat headache. In India a stem decoction is taken to treat gout and rheumatism.

A root infusion is given to donkeys, horses and cattle to treat flatulence. Leaves and young shoots are commonly used as condiment or eaten as a vegetable. Young, slimy fruits are eaten. In Niger the shepherds eat the flower nectar. The plant is an important fodder; it is browsed to some extent by all stock, but especially by camels. In Pakistan it is planted between trees in reforested areas, and regularly cut for livestock fodder.

The wood is used for firewood. The pith in the stems is used as tinder, and the twigs also make an inextinguishable slow-match. Twigs are commonly used as chew sticks for dental care. In Somalia the twigs are woven into wickerwork containers for milk and water, after which they are being coated with latex. In India carpets and containers are made from the stems; they are also used as thatch. The plant is a potential commercial fibre plant especially for ropes and textile mixtures with wool.

It is also potentially useful in cellulose acetate and paper industries. The fibre is best extracted by retting, but as water is a limiting factor in the desert, branches are traditionally beaten to remove the pith. However, this method adversely affects the quality. Leptadenia pyrotechnica has been widely used in trials for sand dune stabilization. It has also been planted as fencing and for shelterbelts.

As it is less palatable than other species, it tends to spread in overgrazed rangelands. Twenty-four alkaloids and 6 simple amines were detected in this plant.

Almost all of the alkaloids belonged to pyridine, pyrrole, pyrazine, and indole types. Also, 18 aromatic hydrocarbons were isolated with 5-phenyl-undecane and 6-phenyl-tridecane as the major constituents.

A series of cardiac glycosides, digitoxoside and glucopyranosyl derivatives, and pregnane glycosides were furthermore isolated. The compounds having deacetylmetaplexigenin as aglycon and a cinnamoyl ester moiety linked at C were the most active constituents with antiproliferative activity on three murine and human culture cell lines.

The acute LC 50 of the total lipid extract established by the brine shrimp toxicity test was The acute LC 50 of the total alkaloids and alcohol extracts established by the brine shrimp toxicity test were The antitumor activities of these extracts, using potato disc screen, showed good activity, The acute LC 50 of the cardiac glycosides established by the brine shrimp toxicity test was The antitumor activity of the cardiac glycosides, using potato disk assays, showed good activity, The extracts were all toxic to highly toxic.

Alcoholic stem and flower extracts significantly inhibited the growth of Salmonella typhi in vitro. Different stem extracts showed low antifungal activity in vitro against Fusarium oxysporum var.

Mulching of eggplant Solanum melongena L. It also increased fruit yield of eggplant. The composition of fresh stems per g edible portion is: protein 3. Dried fruits contain per g edible portion: protein 9. The stem fibre contains Erect, much branched, broom-shaped, generally leafless shrub, up to 2.

Branches erect, slender, green when young, brown when older, slash yellow, latex translucent. Inflorescence a small axillary umbellate cyme, c. Flowers bisexual, regular, 5-merous, star-shaped, c.

Fruit a pair of slender, spindle-shaped follicles, 7. Seeds ovoid, flattened, 4—6 mm long, bearing a coma of long silky hairs at one end, 2. Leptadenia comprises 4 species occurring from Africa to India. Leptadenia pyrotechnica is most of the time leafless, whereas the other 3 species, Leptadenia hastata Pers. These 3 species form a species complex, and further taxonomic research might reveal that they should be considered as a single species.

Leptadenia arborea occurs from West Africa east to Arabia. In Sudan a root decoction is drunk to treat gonorrhoea, constipation and colic. The roots are given to cattle and horses to treat flatulence.

The plant is considered excellent forage for all livestock. Children eat the ripe fruits. The plant can be cultivated as an ornamental by training it as a vine over a pergola or wall. Syringaresinol has shown an inhibitory effect against acetylcholinesterase. Leptadenia pyrotechnica flowers in the late dry season.

It can have flowers and fruits simultaneously. It occurs in a leafless state almost throughout the year, only young shoots have leaves for a short period of time. Leptadenia pyrotechnica grows commonly and sometimes gregariously on sand-dunes, including coastal dunes and temporary river beds, on well-drained sandy soils, from sea-level up to m altitude.

It is a characteristic of Acacia grassland, deciduous bush land and grassland in semi-arid areas. It can tolerate high pH and high exchangeable sodium and potassium. Leptadenia pyrotechnica is propagated by seed.

Seed weight is 4. Only ripe fruits should be collected and allowed to open naturally, to ensure good viability of the seeds. At 2-leaf stage, when the seedlings are 4—5 cm tall, they are transplanted to pots. At 4—6 months, the young plants can be transplanted in the field, after the shade has been reduced. Seedlings possess distinct leaves for a considerable period, but become leafless at a later stage.

The stems of Leptadenia pyrotechnica can be harvested whenever the need arises. Leptadenia pyrotechnica is widespread in tropical Africa and is not threatened by genetic erosion. Leptadenia pyrotechnica has many traditional medicinal uses, and phytochemical analyses showed the presence of many interesting pharmacological compounds.

However, not much research has been done to link the medicinal uses to specific phytochemical compounds.


Leptadenia pyrotechnica

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Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. Toggle navigation. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. Cynanchum pyrotechnicum Forssk. Gymnema spartium Wight Wall. Leptadenia jacquemontiana Decne.

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